Read this article to learn the principles of directing or direction in management…
A direction is a form of a complex process as it deals with individuals whose behavior is unpredictable. An effective direction is a form of art through which the managers can easily decide all things. However, managers will follow the principles while directing their juniors or subordinates:
Principles of Directing or Direction
It includes various points for explaining the principles of direction:-
1. Harmony of objectives:
The number of individuals or persons join the organization to satisfy their psychological or physiological needs and expectations. Those individuals have the objective to win the goal of an organization. They will give their 100% efforts in their business work and helps to accomplish the goal of an organization (personal or business goals).
So, that is the reason, effective management always coordinates the personal goals of their employees with their organizational goals.
2. Maximum Individual contribution:
Organizational objectives are accomplished at a higher level when all the individuals in the organization make a maximum contribution towards them. In this function, managers try to acquire the maximum efforts from all the number of subordinates and juniors because one day will come when the small-small contributions make big or better contributions.
3. Unity of command:
It means when one superior gives direction or command to our subordinates for the purpose of any organizational work. This process indicates the one to one approach i.e., a junior should get orders and commands from one superior only.
If the junior get commands from two superiors, then it will create confusion, conflict, disorder, and indiscipline in the organization.
4. Appropriate techniques:
In this point, the managers use their best or better direction techniques to ensure the efficiency of direction. The techniques are applicable in all situations of work and also suitable for the superior and their subordinates. Through the techniques, the managers can evaluate the best performance of results for the welfare of an organization.
5. Direct supervision:
Direction becomes more valuable when there is personal or direct contact between a superior and his subordinates. However, direct contact improves morale, trust, unity of coordination, and confidence of employees with their employers. In most organization, direct supervision works very well.
6. Managerial communication:
A better system or approach of communication between the seniors and his juniors helps to improve mutual understanding. Upward communication allows a manager to understand the juniors or subordinates and gives an excellent opportunity to the subordinates to express their feelings.
Direction function motives at maximizing the interest of not only self but also other members of the organization.
7. Counseling and Guidance:
When employees face organizational problems in carrying out their works, managers provide them the necessary guidance and counseling. This form of approach provides an excellent way of guidance to subordinates. It is very essential that juniors carry out the instructions the way they are intended by the seniors.
Therefore, in this, the superiors solve the queries or doubts of his subordinates for future achievements or better results through proper guidance and counseling.
In an organization, communication is not only a source to enhance the working opportunities. Managers personnel should facilitate that juniors correctly understand what they are to do and when they are to do. This will help to avoid unnecessary doubts or queries or questions.
This principles of directing help to categorize the opportunities according to their functional management areas.
9. Effective leadership:
The manager should work as a leader so that they can influence the business activities of their junior subordinates without disappointing or dissatisfying them. As a perfect leader, they help to solve the problems related questions of his subordinates so that they can easily survive yourself in an organization. Through this way, they can easily win the trust and confidence of their subordinates.
10. Principle of following through:
Directing is a way of a continuous or on-going process. Therefore, after issuing commands and orders, a superior should find out whether the number of subordinates is working properly and what kind of problem they are facing. He should modify/innovate/develop/improve his orders in the light of these source of findings.
11. Unity of direction:
In this principle, one structure of the plan or related set of business activities should have one head. All activities related to production must be managed or headed by the production manager and those related to marketing should be managed or headed by the marketing manager.
This forms of unity help to avoid the duplicity of actions and results in optimum utilization of resources (whether it is financial resources or material resources or natural resources).